What does SeSTA do?
Year 1 – Deploys a block level team to reaches out to target population to carry out value chain Studies, Participatory Rural Appraisal exercise, baseline studies. The team has a senior person and a freshly trained executive.
Year 1-2 – Identifies and trains community cadre, builds their knowledge, vision and creates a pool of Community Resource Persons (CRPs) (Agriculture and Animal Husbandry facilitators)
Year 1-3 – Household level livelihood planning done; interventions executed based on resource availability and future visioning; provides technical support, resource investment and allied services to the households.
Year 6 – Continue to work with Farmer Producer Organizations with strong focus on outcomes and targets. Prepare for exit or further support if required.
Year 5 – Build on Farmer producer Organisations. Trainings on capacity building to office bearers. SeSTA staff deputed to work for Farmer Producer Organisations . Build Backward and forward linkages
Year 4 – Interventions focused on stabilising incomes, food security and strengthening groups to be platform for women to address issues of violence and governance
SeSTA’s intervention model
Mobilize women to form strong village institutions at three tiers- hamlet, village and block
Build social capital, along with savings and access to loans via Self Help Groups
Provide each household with at least two sets of intervention – animal husbandry/ System of Rice Intensification/ horticulture/ System of Crop Intensification
Help improve soil fertility, create irrigation infrastructure – for individual and community
Leverage average investment per household – Rs. 10,000 over 3 years- from donor and govt schemes
Focussed Individual Household level livelihood planning based on resource availability and future visioning
The 1 acre or less model – focuses on three aspects
- Enhance food security by increasing productivity in Paddy from 1.5 to 2 times.
- Apply SCI (System of Crop Intensification) principles in pulses (using residual moisture after Kharif) and vegetables (year round) for cash income
- Enhance income through animal husbandry ( pig/ goat/ backyard poultry)
Animal Husbandry interventions/ Landless model
- There are 3 models based on community preference – these are for landless Households as well in combination with agriculture
- There are 3 models based on community preference
- Year Round Pig Rearing with 4 pig ready for slaughter from 2nd year onwards
- Improved Goat Rearing with 3 doe model which will be used for breeding and one buck (Beetal) for cross breed against 30 does’ (10 Households)
- Backyard Poultry for both layer and Breeder purpose @ 50 birds in 1 batch comprising of 4 cycles in a year
The 1 to 2.5 Acre Household Model
- This model assumes that the family has 0.33 acre of homestead with fallow land or land with standing crop (mostly arecanut in Assam )
- Model focuses on two aspect of utilization of fallow land introducing
- New orchard and vegetable and where there is standing crop
- Intercropping and vegetables in around 0.10 to 0.16 acre land.
- For orchard two different crops will be taken based on duration of bearing fruit- 1st crop which bears fruit within 1.5 years and second that will be relatively longer (up to 5 years)
- Once the second crop starts bearing fruit it will be replaced with third crop like creepers Black Pepper/Betal vine
- Therefore, at least one crop will bear when one replaces the other – giving the family a sustainable fruit during the year and income
The 2.5 to 5 Acre Household Model – Same as 1 to 2.5 acre